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stages of drug development

Designed to work as a long, persistent, and rigorous process, drug development is crucial to progressing the field of medicine. Drug researchers and developers are tasked with expanding on previous information and findings in order to combat the rise of new, as well as prevalent, diseases.

Because of this, our team at Oakwood Labs wants to highlight the five drug development stages to further encapsulate the rigor of the process of providing sustained-released injectable pharmaceuticals for the community.

Drug Development Stages Broken Down

As addressed by the FDA, the stages of drug development follow a similar trend for each case. Because of this, we have outlined each drug development stage below, as we feel it is important for our clientele to have an inside look at the processes that we adhere to.

Discovery and Development

Known as the first stage of drug development, the discovery and development stage starts with an initial idea that is fabricated through consistent research and trends. During this stage, scientists discover new insights into the disease process, which allows them to develop a design for a product to either stop or reverse the effects of the disease under consideration. From there, several tests of the molecular compounds are tested to find the possible beneficial effects, or even test existing treatments that might possibly have unanticipated effects.

Once researchers find results of a promising compound through the discovery process, they conduct further experiments to gather information on the following hypotheses:

  • How the promising compounds absorb, distribute, metabolize, and dispose of waste
  • The mechanisms of action, and how they can be beneficial to further drug development
  • The best dosage of the future drug
  • The best way to give or take the drug, such as by mouth or as an injectable
  • The side effects of the drugs, also known as toxicity
  • How it affects individuals of different races, genders, and ethnicities differently
  • How it correlates and interacts with other drugs and treatments
  • Its overall effectiveness compared to similar treatments

After conducting the series of tests to gauge additional information, researchers are then ready to conduct the preclinical research stage of drug development.

Preclinical Research

As a precautionary measure, researchers must further test their drug for toxicity before distributing the finalized product for public use. Presented in the form of either in vitro or in vivo research, this stage of drug development must be conducted in favor of good laboratory practices (GLP), which can be found in 21 CFR Part 58.1: Good Laboratory Practice for Nonclinical Laboratory Studies. These regulations essentially set the minimum basic requirements for features, such as study conduct, personnel, facilities, equipment, written protocols, and operating procedures, among others.

Though preclinical studies are not usually large, they must provide very stringent and detailed information regarding dosing and overall toxicity levels. Once completed, researchers will assess their findings and decide whether the drug should proceed to the clinical research stage of drug development.

Clinical Research

During this drug development stage, the drug that was initially tested in the preclinical trial will now be tested on people with the hopes of finding how it will interact with the human body. But before the clinical trial can even start, developers will need to design the clinical study for the trial.

When designing a clinical trial, developers follow a specific study plan or protocol that is initially developed by the researcher or manufacturer. Then, the researchers will review the information from the previous two stages to develop research questions, objectives, and decide the following:

  • A selection criterion of who qualifies to participate
  • The number of people allotted for the study
  • The duration of the study
  • If there should be the presence of a control group to limit research bias
  • How and at what dosage the drugs will be administered
  • What assessments will be conducted and what data will be collected
  • How the collected data will be reviewed and analyzed for future drug development stages

Unlike the preclinical trials, the clinical trials range from early, small-scale studies to late-stage, large-scale studies.

FDA Review

Considered the final drug development stage, the FDA review team will thoroughly examine the evidence from the drug’s early tests, preclinical and clinical research, and decide to either approve or not to approve the product.

During this stage, a New Drug Application (NDA) must be provided to outline the entirety of the drug development stages that lead to the anticipated approval. The NDA must include the following when presented:

  • Proposed labeling
  • Safety updates
  • Drug abuse information
  • Patent information
  • Any data of studies that were not conducted within the United States
  • Institutional review board compliance information
  • Clear and concise directions for use

Finally, the drug is sent for approval to the FDA, where the committee decides whether the drug is safe and effective for public use. The process of approval can take anywhere from 6 to 10 months, as it goes through several inspectors, project managers, and pharmacologists.

From there, the drug is passed to the labeling and marketing stage, where the remaining issues will need to be resolved, and labeling will be provided accurately and objectively for public discretion.

FDA Post-Market Safety Monitoring

Though there are rigorous and persistent steps during each stage of drug development up to its approval and distribution, limitations are still evident and existent. Because of this, the FDA closely monitors drugs for months and even years so they can review the reports on the prescription and decide whether or not to add cautions to the dosage or usage information.

If there were significant changes that needed to be made to a product after the drug development stages were complete, developers would have to file a supplemental application in order to make those changes.

Why Choose Us for Your Pharmaceutical Needs

At Oakwood Labs, we are honored to provide sustained-released injectables to our extensive clientele. On top of that, some of the benefits of working with our pharmaceutical company through each stage of drug development include the following:

  • Pre-formulation development
  • Feasibility studies
  • Scaling formulation
  • Toxicology batch manufacturing
  • ICH compliant stability tests
  • Small-scale to large-scale clinical trial manufacturing
  • Commercial and aseptic GMP manufacturing

Contact Oakwood Labs to Learn More About the Stages of Drug Development

If you have any specific questions regarding the drug development stages that Oakwood Labs conducts for sustained-release pharmaceuticals, please contact our team today. We look forward to assisting you in any way we can.

polymer microspheres
In order for injectables to be able to successfully provide sustained releases, they necessitate drug-encapsulating devices. For over 50 years, encapsulation has been one of the many techniques used in the pharmaceutical industry. In this process, medication is released from a microsphere by the drug detaching from the polymer or through the degradation of the polymer matrix.

Keep reading to learn more about the role of polymer microspheres in the process of drug delivery and how our technology can be an asset to your long-acting injectable project.

The Use of Polymer Microspheres in the Pharmaceutical Industry

Polymer microspheres are often used in drug delivery because they have a high surface area and low particle size, which increases their absorption rate and bioavailability. Since these microspheres are small in size, they are also efficient when moving throughout the body. They are additionally capable of sustained release, making them ideal for use in long-acting injectables for both passive and active targeting.

Capabilities of Microspheres

Microspheres can be organic or inorganic and are designed to encapsulate bioactive molecules and release them in a controlled way. They are used for desired release profiles and can be used to target specific delivery sites throughout the body, including organs.

Additionally, they are considered rigid which means that they can be packed together, found alone, or even combined with other biomaterials to create porous 3D-structured scaffolds. In these scaffolds, they can either serve as a component of a larger scaffold or be the building blocks of one.

Factoring in the Polymer

Polymers can take the role of bioactive or biodegradable depending on the agents they are combined with. When incorporated with therapeutics, polymers become bioactive and provide their own therapeutic benefit. However, they can also be biodegradable which improves release kinetics and helps prevent carrier accumulation.

The benefits of using polymers for encapsulation include the following:

  • Ability to encapsulate a variety of drugs
  • They have high biocompatibility
  • They are bioavailable

Incorporating ChronijectTM Technology into Your Project

Since polymer microspheres are suited for sustained-release technology, they are the perfect candidate for long-acting injectables. Our technology for microspheres is a patented, polymer-based injectable for drug delivery called ChronijectTM. This technology is compatible with small molecules, peptides, and proteins. It is also capable of enabling sustained release over durations of two weeks to one year.

Our ChronijectTM process for microsphere manufacturing initially uses small batch sizes to enable the production of numerous trial batches. This allows us to obtain a formation with the desired release profile and other indicated product characteristics. Additionally, this process can easily be scaled up to commercial production levels with lot-to-lot reproducibility. Since we can produce clinical trial material at the forecast commercial scale, scaling up is feasible at the commercial scale and is conducted in our GMP facility.

Advantages of Using ChronijectTM

There are diverse advantages of using polymer microspheres and our ChronijectTM technology for drug delivery, which include the following:

  • Rapid development of formulations using small-scale batches
  • Easily scaled formations
  • Process parameters that are monitored and controlled
  • Proven lot-to-lot reproducibility
  • Molecule compatibility (small molecules, peptides, proteins)
  • Flexible release durations, ranging from one week to one year
  • Excellent stability
  • Instant reconstitution with WFI – no special diluent required
  • Applications in various therapeutic indications (CNS, neurology, ophthalmology)

About Oakwood Labs

Oakwood Labs is a specialty pharmaceutical company located near Cleveland, Ohio. We are focused on developing and manufacturing sustained-release injectable pharmaceuticals, incorporating our microsphere-based technology. We operate in a fully compliant, aseptic facility that is specifically used for manufacturing pharmaceutical products like injectables.

Our goal is to provide enhanced therapeutic benefits to patients while achieving excellent returns for our pharmaceutical partners. With over 20 years of experience, we have proven ourselves as an effective partner of global pharmaceutical firms. From proof of concept and feasibility studies to clinical trials and FDA-approved supplies, the team at Oakwood Labs is ready to help incorporate polymer microspheres into the development of long-acting injectables.

Contact Our Team with Any Questions

If you are interested in learning more about our capabilities in incorporating polymer microspheres into long-acting injectables, please reach out to our team today.

peptides in pharmaceuticalsPharmaceutical peptides play an incredibly important role in the medical field. Years of research has shown that pharmaceutical peptides can have beneficial impacts on your physical health including your body’s ability to heal and maintain strong bones. Peptides are also proven to help build strength and muscle mass, making them among some of the most important building blocks of the human anatomy.

What Are Peptides?

Peptides are strings of amino acids, also known as the “building blocks” of proteins. The human body naturally produces more than 7,000 known peptide types. Along with the peptides that are naturally produced by the human body, they can also be produced in medical laboratories. Pharmaceutical peptides are those that are created using recombinant DNA technology which involves manipulating and isolating DNA segments.

Peptides in pharmaceuticals are also often referred to as therapeutic peptides. They are most commonly used for the treatment of diseases. Some examples of lab-produced peptides are human insulin and growth hormone, both of which can be life-saving for people living with certain conditions.

Getting More Specific: What Are the Benefits of Peptides in Pharmaceuticals?

The development of peptides in pharmaceuticals has made a lot of progress in the last decade thanks to new production, modification, and DNA technologies. Some of the most notable benefits of developing and utilizing pharmaceutical peptides include:

  • Low production costs and sale prices
  • Oral administration allows for easy delivery to patients
  • Good membrane penetration ability

There aren’t many cons when it comes to utilizing pharmaceutical peptides in the medial field, but one that should be noted is they tend to be short lived in the body as a result of rapid degradation and clearance.

Our Capabilities in Pharmaceutical Peptide Production

Oakwood Labs has decades of experience in researching and manufacturing a wide range of pharmaceuticals, including pharmaceutical peptides. Our international reputation for pharmaceutical development is all thanks to our highly skilled, innovative, and knowledgeable staff.

When it comes to utilizing peptides in pharmaceuticals, our team is highly equipped to perform research and lead in the development of individually formulated products for your specific needs.

Oakwood Labs Is an Industry Leader

In addition to manufacturing pharmaceutical peptides, which, as we’ve highlighted, are crucial in the management of chronic diseases, Oakwood Labs provides many other products and services that cater to the medical field. Some of those services include:

When you work with Oakwood Labs, you can expect high-quality results every time. We maintain rigorous quality assurance and validation practices to provide the absolute best solutions for our customers. The partnerships we’ve long maintained are attributed to our skilled team and history of compliance.

Reach Out to Us for Pharmaceutical Peptides and More

Oakwood Labs is your source for R&D formulation development through GMP commercial manufacturing. If you’re interested in learning more about our capabilities when it comes to peptides in pharmaceuticals, contact our team today.


When pharmaceutical companies set out to create new drugs or modify existing ones for innovative applications, the process is necessarily complex, intricate, and thorough. Since any medication goes beyond its status as a product and affects the health and wellbeing of patients, ensuring that these drugs are held to rigorous quality standards and are produced within facilities adhering to the same is essential.

At Oakwood Labs, our dedicated team supplies support for all phases of long-acting injectable development, facilitating a systematic technology transfer process that ensures our clients’ products are delivered safely and securely.

About Technology Transfer for Pharmaceuticals

Technology transfer refers to the process of new inventions and innovations being transformed into products ready for commercialization. While much of the work for these inventions and innovations can occur within lab settings, the results are often intellectual property owned by and created on behalf of corporations or start-ups.

Because of this, the technology transfer process for pharmaceuticals and other focuses seeks to protect the intellectual property of these institutions so that their products can be properly commercialized and monetized, while benefitting medical facilities and patients at large.

Other aspects that can be components of technology transfer for pharmaceuticals include the following:

  • Working alongside legal departments securing patents and other rights
  • Determining commercial viability of innovations
  • Advertising technologies to varied parties
  • Teaching principles of and strategizing for commercialization
  • Obtaining funding for research
  • Planning licensure agreements
  • Strategizing business plans for product implementation

As you can see, technology transfer encompasses a wide array of aspects and Oakwood Labs is proud to play a vital role in ensuring that products are crafted to institutions’ specifications and expectations. This helps to guarantee that innovative medicines can advance to further stages and be brought to market, bringing varied advantages to both companies and patients.

Beyond the Technology Transfer Process: Everything That Oakwood Labs Can Provide

When you partner with Oakwood Labs, you gain access to a team with over 20 years of drug encapsulation experience who has provided services for global pharmaceutical firms of diverse sizes. Our expertise in sustained-release drug delivery allows us to provide the reliable, injectable microsphere-based formulations that our clients require.

We are able to supply a host of services and benefits for our clients, such as:

If you’ve been searching for a trustworthy lab to work on your project and facilitate technology transfer for pharmaceuticals, choose Oakwood Labs. We have the facilities, expertise, and team needed to deliver.

Reach Out to Oakwood Labs Today

To ask our team questions about our processes, or to get started on a project, feel free to contact us. We’ll discuss your goals with you and help determine the best approach to realizing them.

types of long-acting injectablesIn the world of medicine, there are several methods by which clinical professionals administer drugs to their patients for the purposes of treatment, recovery, illness prevention, and/or relief. The most widely known methods of administering drugs are orally, topically, and via injections.

Choosing the most effective method is based on many different factors but include the patient and their medical history, desired outcome, type of drug, and more. Long-acting injectables are one method of drug administration that is particularly favorable among clinical professionals due to the convenience and effectiveness. Below, we’ll review the benefits of different types of long-acting injectables and how they are developed and manufactured. 

What Is a Long-Acting Injectable?

A long-acting injectable is an injection method which allows for the gradual release of medication into the bloodstream. There are different types of long-acting injectables, and their effects can last anywhere from two to twelve weeks with just one dose depending on the medication.

Different types of long-acting injectables are commonly used as alternative treatments for those individuals who have trouble taking daily or regular medicines in the form of liquids, tablets, or capsules.

Different Types of Long-Acting Injectables

Since their introduction into clinical practices in the early 1960s, long-acting injectable antipsychotic drugs have been widely used as maintenance therapy and a reliable treatment option for those with psychotic disorders, such as schizophrenia.

These different types of long-acting injectables vary in terms of how often they need to be administered as well as how long their medical benefits will last. A few of the most commonly administered long-acting injectable antipsychotic drugs used today include:

  • Fluphenazine
  • Haloperidol decanoate
  • Risperidone

Answering the Question: Why Are Different Types of Long-Acting Injectables Important?

Long-acting injectable drugs allow for the slow release of medicine into the blood and their effects can last anywhere from two to twelve weeks, making them a practical option for those who have trouble taking medicine on a regular or daily basis. Other benefits of these different types of long-acting injectables include:

  • No need to remember to take medications every day
  • Routine interactions between patient and medical staff for injection visits
  • Overall reduced relapse frequency and rehospitalization rates
  • Reduces the risk of accidental or purposeful overdose
  • Treating patients with more stable plasma concentrations than oral medications

Considerations When Utilizing Long-Acting Injectables

As with any clinical solution or medication, there are potential side effects to these different types of long-acting injectables that are dependent upon various factors. Some considerations to these drug alternatives may include:

  • Prolonged period to achieving steady-state levels
  • Slow dose titration
  • Less flexibility of dose adjustment
  • Delayed desertion of distressing and/or severe side effects
  • Pain at the injection site can occur
  • Leakage into the subcutaneous tissue and/or the skin can cause irritation
  • Burden of frequent travel to outpatient clinics or home visits by community nurses for their administration
  • Perception of stigma

Many Different Types of Long-Acting Injectables Can Be Manufactured at Oakwood Labs

Oakwood Labs is a leading developer of sustained-release pharmaceuticals with over 20 years of drug encapsulation experience. We offer support throughout the development of different types of long-acting injectable, ultimately achieving a product that provides greater remedial benefits to patients around the world.

Our facilities can provide the following to help achieve your project goals, including those involving various types of long-acting injectable:

  • Pre-formulation development
  • Feasibility studies
  • Scaling formulation
  • Toxicology batch manufacturing
  • ICH compliant stability tests
  • Phase I, II, and III clinical trial manufacturing
  • GMP manufacturing (commercial and aseptic)

Contact Us Today to Learn More!

Long-acting injectables are a proven method to preventing the intense symptoms associated with mental illnesses and psychotic disorders. Using this clinical method has the ability to put patients on the path to a more stable and prosperous life.

The team at Oakwood Labs is ready to assist in the development and manufacturing of different types of long-acting injectable drugs. Reach out today to get started on your next project with us.

We look forward to working with you!

scale-up process in pharmaceuticalsWhen a company is thinking of releasing a new drug product into the pharmaceutical market, there are multiple steps to be accomplished before the drug is announced.

The first step is conducted through two different studies. At Oakwood Labs, we first select a target formulation to receive tests during the feasibility study and then again with the in vivo animal study. After that is complete, it’s then time for the scale-up process to commence.

Understanding what pharmaceutical scale-up is and the importance of the process in the pharmaceutical industry can help businesses increase the number of products that are growing in demand.

Defining the Scale-Up Process

The scale-up process is designed to increase the amount of an existing product, taking production from a smaller scale to a larger scale during a short duration of time.

Our pharmaceutical scale-up process involves increasing the development of the formulation while still making the same product attributes as we normally would. Through the scale-up process in pharmaceuticals, we offer our clients quality assurance and validations to any concerns they may have. 

Important Factors to Consider for the Scale-Up Process in the Pharmaceutical Industry

When tested drugs are ready for the pharmaceutical scale-up process, there are important factors to consider. To make sure your product is in an ideal position for market success, there is a need for focused and careful planning. Also, when drugs are first going through the pharmaceutical scale-up process they are continuously being optimized. Within our continuous flow process, the equipment we use to manufacture prototype formulations is the same that is used to manufacture full-scale lots, facilitating an easy transition and ensuring the process goes smoothly.

Familiarizing Yourself with the Different Scale Stages

There are different stages of the pharmaceutical scale-up process that drugs undergo. When a drug is in the first stages of receiving tests, it is at the laboratory-scale level. Pilot scale follows and is designed for the purpose of expanding clinical trials. Production scale for commercial use is the final scale in the cycle and is implemented when a new drug is approved. At Oakwood Labs, we can guide your product through the needed scales, providing consistency and reproducibility that lead to the best results.

Contact Us Regarding Our Scale-Up Process in Pharmaceuticals

If you’re in need of scale-up for your pharmaceutical products, be sure to reach out. We are an industry leader in sustained-release injectable pharmaceutical development and manufacturing, and we are committed to supplying products that provide enhanced therapeutic benefits to patients.

Contact us to learn more about the pharmaceutical scale-up process or our other manufacturing capabilities.

Clinical trials are defined as research studies that involve people.Phase three clinical trials They are carefully planned and designed to test the side effects, efficacy, and interactions of a new drug, and they involve four vitally important steps, with each phase revealing more about the drug and its potential.

A Phase 3 clinical trial is the stage at which a new drug is tested for efficacy and adverse reactions on a group of volunteers ranging in size from 300 to 3,000.

The Phases of a Clinical Trial

  • Phase 1 – Testing the safety and dosage of a new drug, the first phase of a clinical trial is conducted on a pool of 20 to 100 volunteers over the course of several months. Approximately 70% of drugs move on to Phase 2.
  • Phase 2 – Conducted over the course of a few months up to a few years, Phase 2 of a clinical trial is meant to test the efficacy and side effects of a new drug on a group ranging from 100 to several hundred people.
  • Phase 3 – Phase 3 clinical trials are conducted on 300 to 3,000 volunteers over the course of one to four years. This stage continues to test for the efficacy of a new drug while monitoring for adverse reactions.
  • Phase 4 – In the final phase, several thousand volunteers undergo clinical trials to further test for the safety and efficacy of the medicine.

Phase 3 Clinical Trial – Efficacy and Monitoring Adverse Reactions

With a length of one to four years, a Phase 3 clinical trial is more likely to show researchers long-term or rare side effects to a medication. This is the phase in which most of the safety data about the new drug is gathered, as it’s possible that less-common side effects have failed to be detected in earlier, shorter phases of the clinical trial up to this point.

Phase 3 clinical trials are designed by researchers to show whether or not a product is a beneficial treatment to a specific population of people. Only 25-30% of drugs move on to Phase 4.

Designing a Phase 3 Clinical Trial

At Oakwood Labs, we have extensive experience in producing global clinical trial material for Phase 1, 2, and 3 clinical trials. Through our Microbiology and Chemistry groups, we offer full characterization capabilities – proper documentation of batch release and accelerated and long-term stability studies.

As our team makes progress in development, the process will be validated. Multiple lots of API and polymer are used in the Phase 3 clinical trial process to demonstrate the product. We recommend conducting Phase 3 clinical trials on the same scale as intended for commercial scale to avoid delays in commercialization if clinical trials are successful.

Ensure Quality in All Phases of Clinical Trials with Oakwood Labs

Our team utilizes a continuous flow process in the scale-up process of your drug – we run the process longer and control the downstream processing so that the product is not changed over the course of the run. Additionally, we validate the scale-up process prior to the manufacture of clinical trial materials, and we use Quality by Design (QbD) principles and develop specific Design of Experiments (DoE) to increase the scale-up success.

From scale-up to Phases 1, 2, and 3, our team has the right combination of knowledge and expertise to guide you through the process of a clinical trial.

Contact Us for Your Phase 3 Clinical Trials

We are proud to be your source for all phases of long-acting injectable (LAI) development. With over two decades of drug encapsulation experience, our team is here to work with you on your proof of concept, feasibility studies, clinical trial material, and FDA-approved commercial supply.

In need of guidance for your Phase 3 clinical trial? Contact our team today!

Phase 1 and Phase 2 clinical trials

The goal of clinical trials is to identify whether a designated treatment will benefit an identified population. This process applies to brand-new treatments that develop as well as treatments that were developed with the intention of replacing an older, less effective one.

From start to finish, the process of developing medicine is conducted methodically. Once your formulation has been scaled up and is ready to be tested on the intended human population, it is time to move on in the process to Phase 1 and Phase 2 clinical trials.

Phase 1 Clinical Trials

During a Phase 1 clinical trial, the goal is ultimately to evaluate the safety of a drug. It is often started with a smaller sample of healthy individuals who volunteer to be tested on. This gives insight into how the drug will impact the overall population and sparks research questions for Phase 2 clinical trials.

The Process

In the process of Phase 1 clinical trials, the group is first injected with a small dose of the medicine and monitored. Often, researchers are looking for severe side effects, since this is the first time the drug is being tested on the intended population. It is also common to look for the amount of a drug that is in the blood after administration and the overall effects of the drug on the body.

Researchers may also look for the side effects associated with increasing the dosage of the drug. This is helpful in determining the maximum dosage of the drug that can be administered without side effects. After notes are taken, they are evaluated and researched before moving onto Phase 2 of a clinical trial.

Phase 2 Clinical Trials

In a Phase 2 clinical trial, the goal is to perfect the dosage and test its effectiveness. Ultimately, this equates to the idea of maximizing benefits while minimizing risks to the user. In this step, the medicine is rigorously tested for its success in treating, preventing, or diagnosing a problem or disease.

The Process

During Phase 2 clinical trials, it is typical to test a much larger sample to better understand the drug’s effectiveness. Phase 2 can be thought of as comprising two halves. The first half focuses on dosing, where patients are given different amounts of the drug. It is important to carefully monitor changes when administering different doses. The second half of the trial is reserved for testing the efficacy of the drug.

After these steps are completed, the drug is then evaluated for its benefits and risks. Should the benefits outweigh the risks of the drug, the testing moves on to Phase 3 clinical trials for further assessment.

Choose Oakwood Labs as Your Clinical Trial Destination

Your Phase 1 and 2 clinical trials are critical to providing the public with effective medicine. The testing that needs to be conducted to make sure drugs are safe and effective for patients is extensive. When you discover a new drug that you want to take to market, it is important to be supported by a team that is both knowledgeable and experienced.

Oakwood Labs has the environment and qualified team needed to assist in the development of your treatment. Since 1997, our team has been providing therapeutic benefits to patients through the use of sustained-release pharmaceutical injectables. We operate in a fully FDA-compliant aseptic manufacturing facility to enhance our development capabilities and range of services.

Additionally, we have the ability to help with other projects. We offer the following services, making us the source for supporting all phases of long-acting injectable development:

Choose Oakwood Labs as Your Clinical Trial Destination

Oakwood Labs is equipped with the supplies, team, and facilities to help you plan and execute Phase 1 and 2 clinical trials. Contact us today to get started on your next project.

aseptic facilityAt Oakwood Labs, we are known for our industry-leading pharmaceutical research and development. This includes everything from the first stages of initial research to final production. Our FDA-approved cGMP manufacturing facility is capable of aseptically manufacturing Phase I, II, and III clinical materials, commercial products, and more.

Our expertise and long history of industry compliance and experience has allowed us to grow and remain a reliable provider of pharmaceutical contract manufacturing services. We recognize the importance of GMP protocols within our aseptic facility and are proud to operate an internationally recognized GMP aseptic processing facility.

GMP Overview

Good Manufacturing Practice, or GMP, is a system used worldwide to ensure products are produced and controlled in accordance with industry quality standards. This is especially important in the pharmaceutical industry.

The sensitive nature of medicines, medical-grade equipment, and medical products can present risks if these items are not produced and handled in a safe and controlled manner. When it comes to pharmaceutical products, anything less than high-quality GMP production could pose health hazards – especially if a lack of quality control leads to an unsafe product. Lax oversight can also result in financial repercussions.

Additionally, GMP is important to help increase business and export opportunities. GMP is internationally recognized as the standard for quality production, which is why many countries will only accept the import and sale of pharmaceutical products that have been manufactured under a GMP system.

Key Features of Our GMP Aseptic Processing Facility

At Oakwood Labs, we take a strategic approach to maintaining an FDA-approved manufacturing aseptic facility. Using an ISO classification system for controlled areas, Oakwood Labs operates and maintains a full suite of core and support manufacturing operations. Some of the key features include:

  • In-house QC Microbiology and QC Chemistry
  • Raw material dispensing and weighing
  • Non-aseptic formulation
  • Equipment preparation and staging
  • Compact and portable equipment train
  • Aseptic formulation
  • Aseptic filling
  • Aseptic lyophilization
  • Vial capping
  • Inspecting, labeling, and packaging
  • Shipping, receiving, and warehouse space

Services Offered at the Oakwood Labs Aseptic Facility

With our GMP aseptic facility and our expertise in pharmaceutical manufacturing, we are able to provide a variety of services at Oakwood Labs. Some of the services we offer include:

  • Formulation and analytical development activities
  • Accelerated and long-term stability studies
  • Scale-up, validation, and engineering batches
  • Clinical and commercial scale batch production
  • Complete method transfers and validation
  • Batch record and protocol development

Analytical method development and validation can be a complex, costly, and a labor-intensive process. However, at Oakwood Labs, we supply a full range of analytical capabilities in-house in our R&D labs and in our aseptic GMP manufacturing facility, which is FDA approved and meets GMP standards.

By offering these services in-house, our analytical and formulation teams can work closely together and provide quick turnaround on results, assisting in formulation development. Plus, both our R&D facility and GMP aseptic facility have fully functioning labs to support release testing of final products.

Additionally, communication and project management are important parts of our process. Prioritizing these aspects ensures that we are able to achieve the milestones we strive for in a timely and cost-effective manner. Furthermore, our team of highly skilled scientists have years of experience working with diverse products, methods, and technologies.

Learn More About Our GMP Aseptic Facility

Located just outside of Cleveland, Ohio, Oakwood Labs is a specialty pharmaceutical research and development company focused on producing and manufacturing sustained-release injectable pharmaceuticals.

We have partnered with and provided services for many businesses across varied industries. For two decades, our advanced technology, manufacturing capabilities, and internationally recognized GMP aseptic facility have enabled us to grow and supply the highest-quality pharmaceutical services and products.

Contact Us Today

Contact the team at Oakwood Labs today to learn more about the services we offer and how we maintain a GMP aseptic processing facility. We are looking forward to working with you.

pharmaceutical feasibility studies

Oakwood Labs was founded over 20 years ago as a specialty pharmaceutical company, and we operate as a one-stop source for all aspects of long-acting injectable development. Our focus is placed on developing and manufacturing sustained-release injectables that function to benefit the intended population.

When looking at pharmaceutical development, it is important to take a systematic approach for all of the necessary steps. While we are equipped to assist in any stage of the process, it is important to work patiently in sequential order. For a new project, a pharmaceutical feasibility study is the first step in the process.

Defining a Pharmaceutical Feasibility Study

When you first set out to release a new drug product into the market, it is important to have goals and objectives in mind, and pharmaceutical feasibility studies help assess the practicality of a proposed idea. Put simply, this process is the study of total actions and outcomes.

Pharmaceutical feasibility studies determine processing factors that will lead to an optimized outcome for your pharmaceutical project, which gives confidence that the goals of the process can be achieved. It also can uncover aspects of a project that are capable of fully changing the scope, analyzing these aspects to avoid wasting resources in the future.

The Importance of Conducting Pharmaceutical Feasibility Studies

Feasibility studies are an essential step in the development process because they help determine the suitability of a particular project. The overall purpose looks to determine whether your process is designed properly and precedes the scale-up and development of the sustained-release formulations.

A pharmaceutical feasibility study can also be used to better understand risks that you might encounter and challenge critical manufacturing components. With this progression, you will better understand the expectations against the reality of your project, further being exposed to the difference in planned scale, materials, or even equipment.

Achieving Optimal Timing

The timing of this process must be chosen strategically. If all the feasibility steps are not completed, it is possible that you will end up wasting time and resources in the future. The timeline varies based on each individual project, but choosing the right team to work with can mitigate the lifecycle of the project.

Process Breakdown

The overall goal of a pharmaceutical feasibility study is to determine whether a target product profile is achievable. We study this through a multistep process:

  • Pre-formulation activities – This involves developing a strategy for batch production. It is possible to select initial polymer and solvent candidates and understand analytical methods that will provide support to the testing process.
  • Characterizing feasibility formulations – Our team focuses on producing batches at a small scale when manufacturing. The data from the first iteration of batches is used to determine the next iteration of batches. Characterization results include drug load, particle size, residual solvents, in vitro release profiles, polymer molecular weight and more.
  • Finalizing feasibility report – In this step, we compose a report and prepare for the process of outsourced animal testing. We take the lead candidate formulations and prepare materials that can assist in the animal pharmacokinetic (PK) testing process.

Benefits of Working with Oakwood Labs for a Pharmaceutical Feasibility Study

While pharmaceutical feasibility studies can be seen as an in-depth process, we work to make it as simple as possible. With over 20 years of drug encapsulation experience, Oakwood Labs is considered a leader in the pharmaceutical industry. Our research and development labs are filled with state-of-the-art technology, all of which is available to solve pharmaceutical challenges.

Oakwood Labs is the destination for your project, regardless of your current stage. For rapid formulation development, we typically initiate projects with small batches. Every project is carried out with an experienced formulation and analytical team.

If you are looking for additional support during the development of your project, we have other services to help, including:

Request More Information from Oakwood Labs

From pharmaceutical feasibility studies to Phase 3 clinical batches, Oakwood Labs is ready to assist your project.

Request more information today to see how we can help with your next pharmaceutical feasibility study!